How To Know About The Upcoming IPO In Nepal?

Many people who are concerned about the Nepal stock market have always willingness to know about upcoming IPO in Nepal.

The purpose of this article is to make you clear on the ways you can know about upcoming IPO in Nepal. 

Upcoming IPO In Nepal

First, let's understand bout IPO then you will know how to know upcoming IPO in Nepal. 

Brief about IPO (Initial Public Offering)

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) in the context of Nepal refers to the process by which a privately held company decides to go public and offer its shares to the general public for the first time.

When a company in Nepal plans an IPO, it typically undergoes a series of regulatory and financial procedures, including gaining approval from the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) and getting listed on the Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE).

The IPO allows the company to raise capital by selling shares to investors, and it provides individuals in Nepal with an opportunity to invest in the company's stock, potentially benefiting from capital appreciation and dividends.

IPOs in Nepal play a crucial role in expanding the country's stock market and providing investment opportunities for the public.

In recent years, IPO investments have been gaining increasing popularity in Nepal. Several factors contribute to this trend:

Economic Growth: Nepal has experienced significant economic growth in various sectors, leading to an influx of new companies seeking capital for expansion. This has resulted in a surge in IPO activity.

Investor Interest: As the Nepali economy has improved, investors have shown a growing interest in the stock market.

IPOs present an opportunity for individuals to invest in emerging and established companies.

Government Regulations: Regulatory authorities like the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) have introduced policies and regulations to encourage IPOs, making it more accessible and appealing to both companies and investors.

Media and Information: Increased media coverage and the availability of information about IPOs have educated and informed potential investors, making it easier for them to participate in IPO offerings.

Potential Returns: Many investors are attracted to IPOs because they offer the potential for capital appreciation and dividends. The promise of substantial returns has contributed to the popularity of these investments.

Diversification: Investors see IPOs as a way to diversify their portfolios, reducing risk and enhancing their investment strategies.

These factors combined have made IPO investments a notable trend in Nepal, with more companies opting to go public and investors actively participating in IPO offerings.

Basic Concept of an IPO

An IPO or Initial Public Offering, is the process through which a privately-owned company makes its shares available for purchase by the general public and gets listed on a stock exchange.

This is a significant step for a company as it transitions from being privately held to becoming a publicly traded entity. Here's a breakdown of the concept:

Private Company to Public Company: Before an IPO, a company is privately held, meaning its shares are owned by a select group of founders, investors, or insiders.

Going public allows the company to sell a portion of its ownership to a wide range of investors, including individual and institutional investors.

Raising Capital: The primary purpose of an IPO is to raise capital.

By selling shares to the public, the company can generate substantial funds that can be used for various purposes, such as expanding operations, paying off debts, funding research and development, or pursuing growth opportunities.

Regulatory Approval: Companies seeking to conduct an IPO must go through a rigorous regulatory process.

They need to meet specific financial and disclosure requirements set by the relevant securities regulatory authority in their jurisdiction.

In the United States, for example, this authority is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Initial Offering: During an IPO, the company issues new shares of stock that are sold to the public for the first time.

These shares are typically underwritten by investment banks, which help determine the offering price and assist with the distribution of shares.

Public Trading: Once the IPO is completed, the company's shares become publicly traded on a stock exchange, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the NASDAQ.

This means that individual and institutional investors can buy and sell these shares on the open market.

Liquidity and Exit Strategy: Going public provides existing shareholders, including company founders and early investors, with an opportunity to sell some of their holdings, converting their ownership into cash.

It also offers the company an exit strategy for early investors.

Increased Visibility: An IPO often brings a higher level of visibility and credibility to a company.

It can attract more attention from potential customers, partners, and employees.

Ongoing Reporting and Compliance: As a publicly traded company, the organization must adhere to rigorous reporting and compliance standards, including regular financial reporting and transparency.

This information is available to the public and can influence the company's stock price.

IPOs are closely monitored by investors, financial analysts, and the media because they can provide investment opportunities and insights into a company's prospects.

However, they also carry risks, and the success of an IPO can depend on various factors, including market conditions, the company's financial health, and its ability to execute its business plans.

Significance of IPOs for Companies and Investors

IPOs (Initial Public Offerings) hold significance for both companies and investors:

Significance for Companies:

Access to Capital: IPOs enable companies to raise substantial capital by selling shares to the public.

This funding can be used for expansion, innovation, debt reduction, or other strategic initiatives.

Liquidity for Early Investors: Going public provides an exit strategy for early investors and founders who can sell some of their shares, converting their ownership into cash.

Enhanced Visibility: An IPO brings increased visibility and credibility to a company, which can attract more customers, partners, and potential employees.

Currency for Acquisitions: Publicly traded shares can be used as a currency for mergers and acquisitions, allowing companies to make strategic purchases and expand their market presence.

Employee Incentives: Publicly traded companies can offer stock options to employees as part of their compensation packages, aligning employee interests with company performance.

Significance for Investors:

Investment Opportunities: IPOs provide opportunities for investors to buy shares in companies during their early stages of growth, potentially offering substantial returns if the company succeeds.

Diversification: Investors can diversify their portfolios by adding newly listed stocks, spreading risk across different companies and industries.

Liquidity: Publicly traded shares are more liquid than private investments, allowing investors to buy and sell shares more easily.

Access to Information: IPOs often require companies to provide detailed financial and operational information, which can assist investors in making informed decisions.

Market Indicators: The performance of IPOs can serve as indicators of broader market sentiment and economic conditions, influencing investment strategies.

However, it's essential to recognize that IPOs also carry risks, and the success of an IPO depends on various factors, including market conditions, company performance, and management's ability to execute its business plans.

Investors need to conduct thorough research and due diligence before participating in an IPO.

Benefits of Investing in IPOs

Investing in IPOs (Initial Public Offerings) can offer several advantages:

Early Investment Opportunity: IPOs allow investors to purchase shares in a company at its early stage of going public, potentially at a lower price compared to the stock's future trading value.

Growth Potential: Many IPO companies are in their growth phases, with the potential for significant appreciation in stock value as they expand and become more profitable.

Diversification: Including IPOs in your portfolio can diversify your investments, spreading risk across different sectors and industries.

Access to Innovative Companies: IPOs often involve innovative and disruptive companies, providing opportunities to invest in businesses at the forefront of technology and industry trends.

Dividends and Income: Some IPO companies may pay dividends, offering a source of regular income to investors.

Liquidity: Once a company goes public, its shares become more liquid, making it easier for investors to buy and sell their holdings on stock exchanges.

Market Buzz: IPOs generate media attention and market excitement, potentially leading to short-term trading opportunities based on market sentiment.

However, it's important to note that IPOs also carry risks, such as market volatility, uncertainty about the company's future performance, and the potential for initial price fluctuations.

Careful research and due diligence are crucial before investing in any IPO.

Risks Associated with IPOs

There are several risks associated with investing in IPOs (Initial Public Offerings). Here are some genuine points to consider:

Price Volatility: IPO stocks can experience significant price fluctuations in the initial days or weeks of trading.

This volatility can result from market speculation and uncertainty about the company's future performance.

Limited Information: IPO companies may not have as extensive a track record of financial and operational performance compared to established, publicly traded firms.

This limited historical data can make it challenging to assess the company's prospects.

Underperformance: Some IPOs underperform and fail to meet investors' expectations. Factors such as weak market conditions or company-specific issues can contribute to this.

Regulatory Risks: Companies going public must adhere to strict regulatory requirements. Non-compliance with these regulations can lead to legal and financial consequences, negatively affecting the stock price.

Lock-Up Periods: Insiders, including company founders and early investors, are often subject to lock-up periods, during which they cannot sell their shares. Once these lock-up periods expire, a sudden influx of shares on the market can impact stock prices.

Market Conditions: The overall market conditions can influence the performance of IPOs. Economic downturns or bear markets can be unfavorable for new listings.

Overvaluation: Some IPOs are perceived to be overvalued, with their stock prices reflecting high expectations and growth prospects. If these expectations are not met, the stock can experience a correction.

Information Asymmetry: Institutional investors often have access to more information and better insights into IPOs, potentially putting individual investors at a disadvantage.

Lack of Dividends: Many IPO companies, particularly tech startups, reinvest profits into growth rather than paying dividends. This means investors may not receive immediate income from their investments.

Allocation and Allotment: In oversubscribed IPOs, investors may not receive the number of shares they applied for. This can lead to disappointment and impact the desired investment.

To mitigate these risks, investors should conduct thorough research, review the company's prospectus, assess its business model, and consider their own risk tolerance before participating in an IPO.

Additionally, diversifying your investment portfolio can help spread risk. It's crucial to approach IPO investments with caution and a long-term perspective.

How to Know About Upcoming IPOs

There are several ways to know about upcoming IPO in Nepal.

Among all, the authentic body to share information about IPO in Nepal is the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON).

You can easily visit the website of SEBON and access the information about IPO in Nepal.

You can check the SEBON website for upcoming IPO in Nepal.

Upcoming IPO In Nepal

As shown in the picture, you need to go to the 'securities issues' menu and click on public issue IPO.

Now, you need to select either 'IPO approved' or 'IPO Pipeline' through which you will see the list IPOs that are approved or coming soon with approval.

Then you will see the following interface where you have to click the folder or link given there. 

Upcoming IPO In Nepal
To check the approval which is the upcoming IPO for the public, you need to click on the link shown in the image.

To check the upcoming IPO in Nepal which are in the process or in the pipeline, you have to click on 'IPO Pipeline' shown in the image.

You will see the same type of interface shown in the image previously.

In this way, you will see the upcoming IPO in Nepal through the official website of a regulatory body.

There are other various sources to know about upcoming IPO in Nepal. 

Financial News and Websites: You can see the news web portals related to financial sectors. 

Those sources will get the news quickly and explore a bit faster than SEBON's website related to the upcoming IPO in Nepal. 

Social Media: Social media like Facebook, and YouTube are also other sources of knowing upcoming IPO in Nepal.

Regulatory Authorities for IPOs in Nepal

Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) is the main regulatory authority in overseeing IPOs.

The Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) plays a crucial role in overseeing and regulating Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in Nepal.

SEBON is also responsible for overseeing the securities market, including IPOs, to ensure transparency, fairness, and investor protection. 

Here are some of the key roles and responsibilities of SEBON in the context of IPOs:

Regulatory Approval: SEBON is responsible for granting regulatory approval for companies in Nepal that wish to go public through an IPO.

Before a company can conduct an IPO, it must obtain the necessary clearance and consent from SEBON.

Setting Regulatory Framework: SEBON establishes and updates the regulatory framework and guidelines governing IPOs, ensuring that the process is conducted fairly, transparently, and in compliance with relevant laws and regulations.

IPO Prospectus Review: SEBON reviews the IPO prospectus to ensure it contains accurate and comprehensive information about the company, its financials, risk factors, and other important details.

This review is aimed at providing investors with clear and reliable information.

Investor Protection: SEBON's primary concern is investor protection.

It enforces rules that safeguard the interests of investors, ensuring that they receive accurate and timely information and that the IPO process is conducted fairly.

Monitoring Market Conduct: SEBON monitors market activities related to IPOs to prevent market manipulation, insider trading, and other unfair practices that could harm investors or the integrity of the market.

Disclosure Requirements: SEBON mandates strict disclosure requirements for IPO companies.

Companies going public must provide timely updates and disclosures to the public, ensuring transparency and accountability.

Oversight of Issuing and Underwriting: SEBON oversees the issuing and underwriting process of IPOs to ensure that it is conducted in accordance with established rules and regulations.

Education and Awareness: SEBON plays a role in educating investors about the risks and benefits of IPO investments and provides guidance to promote informed decision-making.

By performing these functions, SEBON aims to create a fair and well-regulated environment for IPOs in Nepal, instilling confidence in both companies and investors while promoting the growth of the country's capital markets.

Stock Exchanges and Role of Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) in Listing IPOs.

The Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) plays a central role in the process of listing Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in Nepal.

NEPSE is the country's primary stock exchange, and it is responsible for regulating and facilitating the trading of securities, including those issued through IPOs.

Here's an overview of the role of NEPSE in listing IPOs:

Review and Approval: NEPSE is involved in the review and approval of IPO listings. Companies planning to go public must seek clearance and approval from NEPSE before they can list their shares for trading on the exchange.

Listing Requirements: NEPSE sets and enforces listing requirements and guidelines that companies must meet to be eligible for an IPO listing. These requirements typically include financial and operational criteria, disclosure standards, and compliance with regulatory norms.

IPO Pricing: NEPSE plays a role in the pricing of IPO shares. Companies and their underwriters work with NEPSE to determine the appropriate price at which the shares will be offered to the public.

IPO Application Process: NEPSE is involved in the IPO application process. It provides the platform and infrastructure for investors to apply for shares in the IPO and facilitates the allotment of shares.

Post-Listing Trading: Once a company's shares are successfully listed on NEPSE, the exchange becomes the primary platform for trading those shares. NEPSE ensures that the trading process is transparent, secure, and in compliance with market regulations.

Market Surveillance: NEPSE monitors the trading activities of listed companies, including IPO shares, to detect and prevent any market manipulation, insider trading, or other unethical practices that could harm investors or the integrity of the market.

Market Transparency: NEPSE mandates that all relevant information about IPO companies and their shares be readily available to the public.

This promotes transparency and allows investors to make informed decisions.

Continuous Regulatory Oversight: NEPSE continues to provide regulatory oversight of companies listed on the exchange, ensuring they adhere to disclosure and compliance requirements post-IPO.

By playing these roles, NEPSE helps companies access capital from the public market, provides a platform for investors to trade shares, and contributes to the growth and development of Nepal's capital markets.

This market infrastructure helps in creating a fair and regulated environment for IPOs and securities trading.

Applying for IPO Shares

To know the detailed process of applying for IPO shares, you can read this article 'how to apply for IPO online in Nepal'. 

Allotment and Refund

When you apply for IPO, you will be notified whether the IPO is allotted to you or not. 

If the IPO shares are not allotted to you, your money will be refunded to your bank account. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FQs)

Which IPO is coming soon in Nepal?

The following IPOs are coming soon in Nepal as of November 2023.

Name of Company                      Public Issue Size 

Muktinath Krishi Company Ltd.       12,300,200 

Nepal Warehousing Company Ltd    1,375,000 

Sarbottam Cement Ltd                   2,400,000 

Himalayan Re-insurance

Limited                                         30,000,000 

The IPO of Sarbottam Cement Ltd is through the book-building method. 

The IPO of Himalayan Re-insurance Limited is at a premium price. The rest of them are bringing their IPO at the price of RS. 100.

What is IPO full form?

The full form of IPO is Initial Public Offering. 

Which IPO is best to invest in Nepal?

The answer is not easy. There are various factors to evaluate which IPO is best to invest in Nepalcan. However, we cn find out some ways to choose the best ipo.

By analyzing the company profile and company prospectus, we can find the answer to which IPO is best to invest in Nepal.

In general, IPOs from strong companies from all aspects such as financial performance is good, the company is earning or growing, the management team is well qualified and the size of IPO for public being small can be seen as the best IPO to invest in Nepal. 

Post a Comment